Tradition of International Anthropological Congress of dr. Aleš Hrdlička
The tradition of International Anthropological Congresses of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička was established in 1958 when almost all participants of the 1st Reunion of Czechoslovak Anthropologist in Opava came to Humpolec and took part in Hrdlička's celebrations on 7th September. One year later (1959), on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of Dr. A. Hrdlička 's birth, the memorial medals of Dr. A. Hrdlička were awarded to important anthropologists for the first time. At that time Humpolec became an honorary centre of Czechoslovak anthropology. In the year 1969 a permanent anthropologica1 exhibition was installed in the Museum of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička in Humpolec and a monument with Hrdlička's bust by sculptor Knobloch was unveiled.
The International Anthropological Congresses of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička are traditionally organized by Czech Anthropological Society (www.anthropology.cz) (before division of Czechoslovakia by Czechoslovak Anthropological Society) together with Municipality of Town Humpolec (www.mesto-humpolec.cz).
The 1st International Anthropological Congress of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička
was organized in 1969 to the 100th anniversary of his birth. This congress took place on 30th August – 5th September 1969, and 107 anthropologists participated in it.
The 2nd International Anthropological Congress of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička
took place on 3rd – 7th September 1979 and 202 scientists from 20 countries of four continents (120 Czech and 82 from abroad) participated in this Congress. 135 scientific papers were presented and were translated into 5 languages.
The 3rd International Anthropological Congress of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička
took place on 3rd – 8th September 1989 registering 212 participants (107 Czech and 105 foreigners). In it 172 scientific papers were presented, 230 discussions proceeded and 19 posters were arranged.
The 4th Internationa1 Anthropological Congress of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička entitled
"World Anthropology at the Turn of the Centuries" took place on 31st August – 4th September 1999. Phillip Valentine Tobias (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa) took the charge of the presidency of this congress, where 320 scientists from 32 states participated.
The 5th Internationa1 Anthropological Congress of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička
entitled "Quo vadis homo … societas humana? " took place on 2nd September – 5th September 2009, where 250 scientists from 30 states participated.
Congresses organized on the occasions of anniversary of death of Dr. Hrdlička
Besides these regular congresses there were further congresses organized on the occasions of anniversary of death of Dr. Hrdlička:
On 30th August – 1st September 1993 there was the 19th Congress of Czech and Slovak Anthropologists entitled "Dr. Aleš Hrdlička and Anthropology in the year 1993" organized on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička's death.
A special congress was organised on the occasion of 60th anniversary of Dr. Aleš Hrdlička's death. This extraordinary congress entitled "International Anthropological Congress - Anthropology and Society" took place on 22nd – 24th May 2003 and the President of the Congress was again P.V. Tobias. There were 260 scientists from 22 countries participating.